The Zoetrope was one of the earliest animation devices using a spinning wheel to provide the motion to a series of images.
A zoetrope is a device that produces the illusion of motion from a rapid succession of static pictures. The term zoetrope is from the Greek words ζωή (zoē), meaning “alive, active”, andτροπή (tropē), meaning “turn”, with “zoetrope” taken to mean “active turn” or “wheel of life”. – WIKIPEDIA
How To Make a Zoetrope:
Some artists have even made 3D zoetropes, using models on a turntable and a stroboscopic light, and even a zoetrope made from a bicycle wheel!